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Big-money sports football and mens basketball were involved in 83 percent of NCAA Division I major infractions cases from 1953 to 2014, according to the first study of its kind released Tuesday. Probation and public reprimand and censure were the most common penalties.Temple Universitys Sport Industry Research Center prepared the study for the NCAA Division I Committee on Infractions.The NCAA has never compiled all this data into one place and to run these types of analysis, so to look at all 554 cases under the former penalty matrix, we found it very informative to understand how often a certain infraction was occurring or how often a certain penalty was prescribed, said Jeremy Jordan, the research center director and a study co-author.The release of the study comes three years after the NCAA moved to a system that metes out specific penalties dependent on an infractions magnitude on a four-tier scale. Previously, infractions were considered either major or secondary.The most common infractions over the 61 years analyzed were recruiting inducements (57 percent), impermissible benefits (54 percent) and other recruiting violations (48 percent). The most common penalties were probation (87 percent) and public reprimand and censure (86 percent). Recruiting restrictions were a distant third (50 percent).Jordan said the type of penalty prescribed for certain infractions were predictable, but each case was unique. So penalties could vary depending on factors such as the magnitude of the infraction, how many people were involved and whether the school was a repeat offender or on probation at the time of the infraction.Schools from the so-called Power Five conferences accounted for 40 percent of all major infractions cases since 1953. Jordan said there was no evidence those schools were treated differently in the penalty phase when compared with schools from outside the Power Five.That finding busted a myth, said infractions committee chairman Greg Sankey, commissioner of the Southeastern Conference,Some of the old thinking was that if a well-known school has done something, people got mad so they penalized a small school, Sankey said. Among the autonomy conferences, there are a couple areas where the penalties by comparison are more aggressive, more severe, when compared to other aspects or membership sections of Division I.The study revealed an atmosphere of compliance in athletic departments that has developed over the past three decades, with 48 percent of violations since 1984 having been self-reported. Prior to 1984, only 9 percent of violations were self-reported.Generally, self-reporting benefited the institution when it came to the penalty phase, the study found. In cases involving football, self-reporting typically led to a reduced length of probation and postseason ban and a lower scholarship reduction.Dave Ridpath, assistant professor of sport administration at Ohio University and president of the board of directors for the Drake Group, an NCAA watchdog, said the conclusions were statistically sound.But you have to look at the whole system, he said.Ridpath said the study only looked at outcomes and not how investigations wind their way to the penalty phase. The most powerful schools are capable of mounting a strong defense, he said, and penalizing big-time football and basketball programs can hurt the NCAA and other stakeholders financially.Ridpath pointed to two cases, saying the NCAA has seemingly been reticent to fully pursue the academic fraud case at mens basketball power North Carolina and that the organization caved to pressure in allowing Ohio State football players to delay the start of their suspensions for selling memorabilia and suit up for the Sugar Bowl after the 2010 season.Oftentimes its trying to work out the best situation that they can for the schools to benefit the (NCAA), Ridpath said. What I often see is if the NCAA has a way out where they dont have to sanction or investigate or have to come very hard with penalties, they will take that with major schools more often than not.Sankey disagreed.I think the information and this research shows that there is a great deal of enforcement activity around maybe the more prominent institutions, he said, which suggests some of those notions might not be exactly on point. Cheap Shoes Websites. -- Charline Labonte couldnt have asked for a better homecoming. Wholesale Shoes China. Thousands of Southern California fans enveloped the Trojans to celebrate an improbable win secured by an interim coach, an inconsistent kicker and a thin defence that wouldnt break. Note: The Calgary Flames announced Tuesday that Sean Monahan would not be made available to Canadas World Junior team. Cheap Shoes Nike. According to a report from the Vancouver Province, the Lions are expected to replace former DC Rich Stubler with defensive backs coach Mark Washington. Discount Shoes Online. Francis told several hundred members of the European Olympic Committees that when sport "is considered only in economic terms and consequently for victory at every cost . Its the final Tuesday! Weve got a handful of a frontline arms atop the slate, but its wide open if you choose not to spend on a stud. Offensively, there arent many obvious stack options, but plenty of platoon options to exploit as you build your lineup.PitchingEliteHow is Max Scherzer not getting more attention for his season? Are we just used to his excellence? Some might have even forgotten that he was toting a 4.05 ERA through the first two months of the season. Home runs were a big issue, something wed seen him deal with in August of last year. Through those first 11 starts, he had a 1.8 HR/9 rate. Given a rate that high, his 4.05 ERA was actually kind of impressive, but still not very Scherzer-like. Since June 1 hes posted a 2.19 ERA with just a 0.8 HR/9 rate in 144 innings. The strikeouts have been consistently strong throughout; in fact its at exactly 11.1 K/9 in both samples.Seeing Noah Syndergaard sputter through a start against Atlanta is unquestionably annoying because the bottom-feeding Braves are supposed to be rolled by studs like Thor, but theyve quietly been hitting very well in the second half. They are sixth in OPS against righties at .778 and while we still expect Syndergaard to succeed against opponent, this is at least understandable when you acknowledge what the Braves are doing down the stretch. Thor had one other five earned run outing earlier this year and he bounced back with a 7 IP/1 ER gem against the Cubs. The Marlins are 28th in OPS against righties during the second half.Chris Sale and Justin Verlander are among the AL Cy Young frontrunners this year so theyll both be looking for big starts here, but it wont be easy for either. Sale gets a Tampa Bay Rays team that is second to only Sales own White Sox in OPS against lefties over the last month with an .843 mark. They are still striking out 24 percent of the time, though, and Sales strikeout rate has surged to 27 percent in the second half. He did toss a two-hit shutout against the Rays back in mid-April, too.Verlander draws a Cleveland team that is only middle of the pack against righties over the last month (14th with a .743 OPS), but one that has had his number on the whole this year. He has a 6.46 ERA against them in 23.7 innings across four starts, including starts with seven and eight earned runs back in May and June, respectively. However, his best start against them was just 10 days ago when he put up seven one-hit innings in a game the Tigers would eventually lose 1-0 in 10 innings. Verlander hasnt allowed more than 3 ER in a start since the eight runs against Cleveland in late-June, yielding a 2.16 ERA and 0.91 WHIP with 127 strikeouts in 108.3 innings.The Los Angeles Dodgers have flip-flopped Kenta Maeda and Jose De Leon. By starting Maeda on Tuesday, hell be on regular rest just in case the club needs him on Sunday. The righty has a prime matchup, facing the strikeout-prone San Diego Padres in Petco Park. However, as has been the case all season, Maedas upside is tempered due to usually only tossing five or six innings. Theres no reason for the Dodgers to change that pattern now, so while the matchup warrants some exposure, keep expectations in check.SolidDavid Price is in between tiers for Tuesday. He has a great projected Game Score of 59, but its hard to ignore the 3.91 season ERA. He has seven starts of at least 5 ER after just two all of last year. In other words, the implosion potential has been much higher for Price this year which certainly adds some risk on the DFS side of things. Plus, he draws a Yankees team that has given him fits all year with a 7.71 ERA and 1.71 WHIP over four starts with just 15 strikeouts in the 23.3 innings. With a full Tuesday slate, you likely neednt take the unnecessary risk with Price.Aaron Sanchez has experienced some volatility down the stretch with his Game Score bouncing around since the start of August: 62, 40, 62, 40, 59, 57, 25, and 62. Those eight starts have yielded a 4.24 ERA and 1.28 WHIP in 46.7 innings. I imagine a big part of his 51 projected Game Score is due to facing a difficult Orioles offense, but he has faced the Os twice in these last eight with Scores of 62 and 59.The surging Braves offense has been a boon for Julio Teheran as hes netted three of his six wins over his last five starts (2.87 ERA in 31.3 IP). He has a couple duds in his 10 starts since the break, but hes allowed 3 or fewer ER in the other eight. The anemic Phillies offense sits 29th in OPS during the second half. Teheran has allowed 3 ER against them in 11 innings, both starts coming since July 30.The perception of Baltimores starting pitching means you mightve missed Kevin Gausmans big second half. His 2.94 ERA and 9.5 K/9 are both 14th-best among qualified starters. He will be dueling against Sanchez so the win wont come easy for either and Gausman had one of his worst starts all year in Toronto back on July 29th (3 IP/6 ER), but hes been great since with a 2.57 ERA in 63 innings over 10 starts. He did allow 5 ER to Boston his last time out, but it was one of those where mightve been left in a little too long. Three of the five runs came off of a homer to David Ortizz in the seventh inning.ddddddddddddJohn Lackey and Ian Kennedy dont jump out as obvious picks, especially with a full slate, but both have been really strong options this year. The ERA difference (3.39 for Lackey, 3.64 for Kennedy) is essentially the difference between the leagues while they have identical 8.7 K/9 rates in 183 innings apiece. Kennedy has always struggled with homers and this year is no different at 1.5 HR/9, but he has really curbed the issue of late with a 0.7 mark in his last 10 starts.Spot startersFelix Hernandez has been extremely volatile lately. Check out these last six Game Scores: 61, 29, 32, 61, 23, and 74. So how lucky do you feel in Houston?Matt Moore can end your night before it starts. He had three outings of at least 5 ER with San Francisco, including two where he didnt even finish three innings. Youre not recovering from that. But he had a 2.51 ERA in 43 innings over his other seven starts as a Giant so while the 4.96 ERA with them might scare some off, the composition of it shows a better pitcher than you might expect, maybe even one worth gambling on at home against a Rockies team that sits 27th in OPS against lefties on the road.Alex Cobb finally showed why Im so weary of Tommy John returners as a general rule. Those returning from the surgery always seem to have at least one utter meltdown that comes virtually out of nowhere. Many pitchers have pointed out that they will just have a couple of these starts where nothing works in that first year back from Tommy John and theyre usually out after a couple innings and a heap of runs. Cobbs was a nightmarish seven in just 1 1/3 innings. Hed looked solid to that point, but with just four starts, one that awful weighs heavily on his overall numbers. A further downside of a TJ returner is that theyre always being closely managed so they live on that five- to six-inning cusp, which lowers their chances for a win, especially if they also play for a last-place team as Cobb does. Hes only an SP2 if you even really want to take the gamble here.The Diamondbacks are giving rookie Matt Koch a look. The 25-year old right-hander has made five appearances out of the bullpen since being called up after rosters expanded. Koch started at Triple-A Reno, sporting an impressive 3.09 ERA but with only 25 whiffs in 45 innings. The inability to miss bats along with not being filly stretched out render Koch a risk, despite facing a depleted Nationals lineup.HittingThe Royals of all teams have the best rating on Tuesday, though thats mostly due to facing Jose Berrios. They actually have the worst OPS against righties in the second half at .669, but Berrios has been awful in 12 starts this year. There isnt a redeemable metric in the profile: 8.88 ERA, 1.99 WHIP, 5.7 BB/9, 2.2 HR/9, and 12.2 H/9. OK, maybe his 8.5 K/9 stands as the redeemable aspect of his season, but who cares when its stacked up with the rest of that mess. Righties have especially decimated Berrios with a 1.062 OPS, but lefties are still getting theirs at .918. That said, I cant see a real stack for KC. Id consider Kendrys Morales, Eric Hosmer, Salvador Perez, and Jarrod Dyson. I rarely look at speed-only guys in DFS, but he does have a .292 AVG and 10 SBs over his last 97 PA so if hes starting, he might be a solid punt.Dodgers righties are worth a look against Paul Clemens (.990 OPS), even as a righty himself. Justin Turner, Yasiel Puig, and Yasmani Grandal are my favorite options there. However, even with Clemens .679 OPS against lefties, I might still consider Corey Seager (.970 v. RHP) and Adrian Gonzalez (.855) just because theyve been so good against right-handers.Id be ready to stack the Brewers if they had more lefties. A.J. Griffin has allowed .984 OPS against them including 18 of his 26 homers, but there arent a lot of great spots to take advantage of that with Milwaukee. Jonathan Villar is a switch-hitter with a passable .773 OPS against righties including 11 of his 16 homers, plus that game-changing speed means he doesnt really need to leave the yard to score big. The only other real consideration might be Kirk Nieuwenhuis on the cheap in hopes that he leaves the yard.Maybe there is one stack: the Cardinals. Robert Stephenson actually has two good starts in his six, but the other four are so bad that he still has a 5.59 ERA and 2.2 HR/9 in his 29 innings. Matt Carpenter, Brandon Moss, and Matt Adams from the left side and Stephen Piscotty, Aledmys Diaz, Randal Grichuk, and Yadier Molina from the right side offer enough options to create a Cards stack.Most likely to go yard: Kendrys Morales. Hes been better against lefties for sure (.917 OPS), but hes no slouch against righties with a .197 ISO and Berrios is serving it up for everyone this year.Most likely to swipe a bag: Jonathan Villar. Yes, Im taking the easy way out for my final edition of Daily Notes of the year (the last day for the series this season will be Oct. 2). The MLB steals leader will notch his 60th of the year against his former teammate, Jonathan Lucroy. Wholesale Jerseys ' ' '
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